Optic atrophy is damage to the optic nerve that causes degeneration or destruction of the optic nerve. Optic atrophy, also known as optic nerve head pallor, due to the pale appearance of the optic nerve head seen in the back of the eye.
Symptoms of optic atrophy include changes in the optic disc and decrease in visual function. Change in visual function can include decrease in sharpness and clarity of vision (visual acuity) or decrease in side (peripheral) vision. Sometimes color vision and contrast sensitivity are also affected.
Some possible causes of optic atrophy are optic neuritis, Leber's hereditary optic atrophy, toxic or nutritional optic neuropathy, glaucoma, vascular disorders, trauma, and other systemic disorders.
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