UC San Diego Shiley Eye Institute UC San Diego Shiley Eye Institute The Viterbi Family Department of Ophthalmology UC San Diego Shiley Eye Institute
by name
Afshari, Natalie A. Baxter, Sally L. Borooah, Shyamanga Brown, Stuart I. Camp, Andrew Do, Jiun Ferreyra, Henry A. Freeman, William R. Goldbaum, Michael H. Granet, David B. Haw, Weldon W. Heichel, Chris W. Kikkawa, Don O. Kline, Lanning Korn, Bobby S. Lee, Jeffrey E. Liu, Catherine Y. Moghimi, Sasan Movaghar, Mansoor Nguyen, Thao P. Nudleman, Eric Robbins, Shira L. Rudell, Jolene Savino, Peter J. Spencer, Doran B. Vasile, Cristiana Weinreb, Robert N. Welsbie, Derek S.
by specialty
Comprehensive Ophthalmology Contact Lenses Cornea & Cataracts Dry Eye Glaucoma Neuro-Ophthalmology Ophthalmic Genetics Ophthalmic Pathology Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Ophthalmology Informatics and Data Science Optometry & Low Vision Pediatric Ophthalmology & Eye Alignment Disorders Refractive Surgery / LASIK Retina & Vitreous Thyroid Eye Clinic Uveitis
by condition
AMD (Age-related Macular Degeneration) Cataracts Corneal Conditions Cosmetic Surgery Diabetic Retinopathy Eye Movement Disorders Glaucoma Hereditary (Genetic) Disorders Low Vision Neuro-Ophthalmic Conditions Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Pediatric Conditions Refractive Errors Retinal Diseases Strabismus (Strabimus) Thyroid Eye Disease Uveitis

Pediatric Ophthalmology & Eye Alignment Disorders

Preventing and treating vision loss/ocular problems in children is the highest priority at the Ratner Children’s Eye Center. Dr. David Granet and Dr. Shira Robbins are world-renowned specialists in helping children with eye misalignments (strabismus), nystagmus, congenital diseases like pediatric cataracts and glaucoma, acquired problems from blocked tear ducts to “lazy eye” (amblyopia) as well as trauma. From premature babies to teenagers our team ensures that each child seen at the family oriented Ratner Children’s Eye Center is given the attention and personal medical care they deserve in a child- friendly atmosphere. Adults with strabismus suffer from an old childhood problem, trauma or a disease causing eye misalignment and require individualized intervention. Recognized worldwide for their teaching & developments in this field, the specialized surgeons at the Ratner Eye Center can help virtually everyone– regardless of age - suffering from various ocular misalignments and their consequences.

The Abraham Ratner Children’s Eye Center was opened to meet the needs of the pediatric population and creates an atmosphere that makes children feel more comfortable from the moment they walk in. The Center’s goal is to make visiting the eye doctor a more pleasant experience for young patients, ensuring more successful eye examinations. Child-friendly, state-of-the-art exam rooms are specially designed to evaluate sight in patients of all ages, even those who are too young to talk and tell the doctor what they see. The Abraham Ratner Children’s Eye Center makes going to the eye doctor a happy experience.


David B. Granet, M.D., M.H.C.M., F.A.C.S., F.A.A.O, F.A.A.P.
Mansoor Movaghar, M.D.
Shira L. Robbins, M.D., F.A.A.O., F.A.A.P.
Jolene Rudell, M.D., Ph.D.

Patient Testimonials

The Shiley Eye Center and Dr. Robbins literally opened up my eyes and life.

I have had strabismus from childhood. Every optical appointment ended with the same prognosis: “we are very sorry there is nothing we can do to help you.” My prescription would be adjusted, prisms recommended and I would adapt myself to live with strabismus.

After LASIK surgery my strabismus worsened. I began having double vision, headaches, eye pain and nausea. It was becoming increasingly difficult to work.
Luckily for me my insurance changed as my symptoms worsened. Shiley Eye Center was now an optical option. During my first appointment the optometrist asked how long I have had strabismus. I replied since childhood. She asked why I have never had anything done. I told her what I had always been told: there is nothing that can be done. She told me she thought Dr. Robbins could help me and encouraged me to make an appointment.

Dr. Robbins is an amazing professional with a caring, healing personality. She patiently explained to me why my eyes are not working together and how she planned to help me to eliminate the double vision and headaches. I was very excited and hopeful.

After surgery within days my headaches subsided, the double vision gradually decreased over six months and within a year I rarely had any. I followed the exercises they gave me along with always wearing either my glasses or contact lenses. I now have to be very tired to experience double vision and resting my eyes will eliminate it.

My life has been enriched immensely. Daily life is full with reading, knitting and sewing. I can now drive without closing one eye. I had two serious bicycle accidents prior to my surgery, I can now bike and hike again with the expansion of my field of vision and sense of depth.

I never realized my neck pain was a result of twisting my head trying to eliminate the double vision. My children no longer ask: ”Mom which eye should I talk to? Can you see me here? Here?”  Now we laugh I no longer have eyes in the back of my head!

My life was gradually narrowing as I aged and I thought nothing could be done. Now I do not have enough time in the day to get everything done.

Thank you Dr. Robbins and Shiley Eye Center!   ~ Stephanie


Thank you to the Shiley Eye Center!

Dr. Robbins has changed my grandson’s life… there are so many ways the operation she performed has made a difference for him. In addition she has changed all of our lives. I used to think that he was mentally challenged but now that his eyes are both working together, his reactions are totally appropriate and he relates to his world very well. The surgery she performed has set my mind at ease. It has also taken a huge burden from his parents’ shoulders. They knew they needed to do something sometime, but through her willingness to answer all our questions they finally realized that the surgery was needed and as soon as possible to insure the best possible outcome. Dr. Robbins’ calmness and confidence were very reassuring to all of us as we made each step through this unfamiliar process.

We can never really repay the gift that Dr. Robbins has given us but can only thank you with our continuing gratitude and goodwill. It makes me very happy to know that she truly “gets” the life-changing contribution that your doctors make in this world.

~ Grandma

 I instantly knew that it was imperative that we get Adam to the Shiley Eye Institute

I instantly knew that it was imperative that we get Adam to the Shiley Eye Institute

Aaron J. Byzak, MBA, FACHE
Senior Director, Government and Community Affairs
UC San Diego Health

In 2007, I was working for another health care provider in North County. In July of that year, my son Adam was born and within a few months was diagnosed with Albinism - a genetic condition that results in no pigment production and limited eye sight. I instantly knew that it was imperative that we get Adam to the Shiley Eye Institute at UC San Diego Health for care because of the expertise of their world-renowned staff.

Our experience at Shiley Eye Institute and the Ratner Children’s Eye Center has been incredible. From the first appointment, we knew that we had made the right choice. Dr. David Granet was immediately able to provide insight into Adam's condition and sight prognosis, which instantly provided a tremendous amount of relief for my wife and I. Dr. Granet conducted Adam’s eye surgery a few years later and we have seen marked improvement.

In 2014, we welcomed our daughter, Cassandra, who also has Albinism. She is now a patient of Dr. Granet’s as well and is doing great!

I think that UC San Diego Health’s clinical excellence is a directly related to our staff’s ability to conduct research, train tomorrow's health care professionals and provide top-notch clinical service. It is one of those amazing situations where the organization's mission is truly realized. As a matter of fact, my early experiences with Dr. Granet and UC San Diego Health helped solidify my decision to begin working here in 2009.

It's not easy to describe a superhero.

I've tried to write this letter several times over the last few years, but have finally found the words
to finish it. Describing the journey we've taken with our daughter has been hard to do well.
Perhaps more difficult has been capturing our teamwork with the doctor who has become critical
to her well-being. It's not easy to describe a superhero.

As the parents of three daughters, as forty-somethings, we have been fortunate to know many
really good doctors. Smart, caring men and women trying their best to help us sort out normal
daily ups and downs of life… colds, broken bones, minor illnesses, etc. Some have been better
than others for one reason or another, but most have been helpful and valuable. Occasionally,
however, someone stands out. That is why we're writing you today.

When our third and youngest daughter, Zoe, was a few months old, her eyes started to flutter,
nonstop, back and forth. We thought this was unusual and began to inquire. She was quickly
diagnosed with some form of nystagmus. Thankfully, the most concerning causes, like a brain
tumor, were ruled out early. However, there still were lots of questions, ideas, and information
to consider. It was confusing and scary.

We weren't sure which path would be best for her. Several doctors offered considered, but
divergent courses of action, or in some cases, hopeful non-action. Making the right moves
seemed time sensitive and critical, but which way to choose was very unclear. Addressing
nystagmus wasn't a well-known science like stitching a wound or setting a broken bone.
At about 10 months old, we'd traveled around our home state and visited another city across
the country in search of the best doctor and a plan for Zoe. We took another trip from our
hometown, Denver, Colorado, to La Jolla so she could visit David Granet. That trip was

From the beginning, we knew he was different. On one hand, his expertise, experience, and
intellect were clear. However, he would probably roll his eyes at that comment because what
makes him so special is who he is… and he doesn't seem impressed with his status or intellect.
He's not just deeply kind and caring, or earthy and folksy. He's deeply human… and relates. His
approach transcends sterile concepts like “bedside manner”. It's more of a family approach…
he's become a member of ours.

Dr. Granet’s ability to manage complex medical investigation and intervention while also talking
like a regular person has been deeply helpful. Spending time without watching the clock,
accommodating out of town distant relations, and advising through conversation based on our
values and needs makes him special. Caring like we're members of his family has been a gift. Like
a marvel comic vigilante, he walks with us and among us, but has helped us through a scary
episode with calm, concern, interest, and frankly bravery that we have not found to be common.

There are too many examples to share, but our favorite was what we saw before her third and
last surgery. While other doctors have met with us prior to the staff taking our children back to
a surgical procedure, he took Zoe back to pre-op himself. We have a few photos of them playing
as they walked down the hall to her operation. She felt no fear, had no idea about the depth of
his surgical precision and was too young to understand the level of preparation he'd put into her
case. The seriousness of and precision required for that surgery never showed in his face. Never
mind that the complex procedure was a major success. He took care of her like a fabled old
physician practicing in times long gone by; before insurance companies and defensive medicine.
He healed more than her eyes and it rippled through our whole family.

Despite his accolades and world recognition in the areas of eye surgery and nystagmus, those
really aren’t Dr. Granet’s greatest specialty. Curiosity, drive, and medical expertise are traits he
uses to fix eyes, but people are what he's best at. We imagine he's one of those people who is
loved by friends and neighbors, who is trusted by all he knows, and who makes any room feel
warm, safe, and full of amazing potential. As the parents of one of his countless patients, we have
been beyond fortunate to know and team with him. Zoe doesn't know it, she just loves to visit
him and tell him what's new... like how she skis and plays on the school playground and rock
climbs and does all the things that wouldn't have been possible without him.

- Martin Goldstein

A newly straightened eye…the most beautiful present of my whole life!

Dr. Granet successfully realigned my right eye muscle when I was a 71-year old youngster. A newly straightened eye…the most beautiful present of my whole life!

Each year, from age 4 to 7, Mom alternated taking me to Chicago or New York to have my strabismus monitored.  Then, when I was 7 years old, 1952, Mom flew with me to New York for a surgery to straighten my eyes. My first night in New York, she left me with a babysitter, in a hotel room, and she went out to party on the town. The babysitter offered me a martini. I only remember the olive!

The next day, I was lying in a hospital bed that had the sides pulled up…like a crib. I was in a huge, ugly, green room with lots of other kids, feeling very alone.

On the first day post-op, Mom told everybody that she had leaned over my hospital bed and started to faint from the smell of the ether {the anesthesia at that time}. A nurse rushed a wheelchair over to her so that she wouldn’t fall.  She loved telling that story so she could focus on how brave she was coming to visit me right after my surgery.

We had to stay in New York for one week so we went sightseeing. I remember looking out at the Statue of Liberty with my right eye patched; the same eye that Dr. Granet recently operated on.  After the patch was removed at the end of the week, my right eye wasn’t straight; it became my “lazy eye.”

Two years after the New York surgery, when I was 9 years old, my Dad kicked my Mom out of the house because of her infidelity. By the time I turned 10, she had married that man. He was an Ophthalmologist and he offered to operate on/straighten my right eye.  Dad refused.  That was the last thing ever said about fixing my eye.

I left for college when I was 17. Joining a sorority gave me lots of friends but I was called “Spook” because people couldn’t tell whether I was looking at them or somebody else; again, because of my wandering right eye.

As an adult, I worked in large companies where I trained multiple groups of 25 to 30 managers how to upgrade their leadership skills. Sometimes, I would ask a participant a question.  He/she would look around to see is I was talking to him/her.

As a result of these child and adulthood experience, I became extremely conscious of my “lazy eye.”  Since I’d been using each eye independently, I’d trained myself to use my right eye (to straighten it) when I talk to people. They thought my eyes were aligned and that I was looking straight at them.

Then came the wonderful day when Dr. Granet successfully straightened my “lazy eye.” Now both eyes are straight and I don’t have to spend energy remembering to look at people with my right eye so they’ll know I'm talking specifically to them.

Post-surgery, I’m realizing how much my eyes have played a leading role in the drama of my life. As a child and as an adult, I have felt alone, abandoned, judged by others and not medically attended to. Now, I have much more self-confidence because people know who I’m talking to, I don’t feel as tired from spending energy trying to remember how to look at people and I’m willing to be more active because I don’t have to worry about my eye alignment.  I am grateful that at this age, I can rewrite the script of my life. Thank you, Dr. Granet!

This place is different.

To the Ratner Eye Center team,

On 02/06/18 my son accompanied me to the Ratner Eye Center for my appointment.  At the Center we were welcomed by a receptionist who explained in detail the procedure for the examination.  After the cordial reception, I said to my son, “this place is different.”  He agreed and added, “They make you feel so welcome.”
Soon the receptionist escorted us to the room where Dr. Kim gave me the most thorough eye exam.  Dr. Kim reported his findings to Dr. Robbins who gave me her analysis and her plan of how we could work together to solve my visual problem.  She was very professional, but also very friendly.  She made me feel like I was one of her good friends.  She gave me hope that my vision would get better and that she was there to assist me in the process.
My son and I left the Center and again agreed that “The Ratner Eye Center was different.”  It was the Best!

Thank you for treating me so special!

Charles T. White



Comprehensive Ophthalmology Contact Lenses Cornea & Cataracts Dry Eye Glaucoma Neuro-Ophthalmology Ophthalmic Genetics Ophthalmic Pathology Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Ophthalmology Informatics and Data Science Optometry & Low Vision Pediatric Ophthalmology & Eye Alignment Disorders Refractive Surgery / LASIK Retina & Vitreous Thyroid Eye Clinic Uveitis


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More Info

A good educational resource is  Eye Muscle Problems in Children and Adults: A Guide to Understanding By Burton J. Kushner, MD.


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Emmit Smith

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